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Lesson 9: Systemic Issues

Among others, systemic issues related to designing and maintaining a restorative system of justice include the following:

  • implementation describes the vision for maintaining and implementing a restorative system of justice while adapting it to meet systemic demands;
  • modelling describes four basic models of an implemented restorative justice system:
    • replacement
    • incorporation
    • dual-track modelling
    • diversion
  • co-option describes the susceptibility of restorative justice programs to the distorting influences of the traditional system;
  • net-widening explores the extent to which restorative justice could widen the net of social control by accepting cases that would have otherwise not been pursued through formal processes.


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Slide Shows

Changing Lenses
A profound metaphor for understanding justice (Howard Zehr).
Justice that Heals 
Talks about the wounds of crime and how to heal them.

Introductory Tutorials

An introductory tutorial on the worldwide movement of restorative justice.

What is Restorative Justice?

Series of slide shows describing various aspects of restorative justice.


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Briefing Paper

This paper provides a  definition of restorative justice,  processes, and outcomes. The paper is available in English, French, Spanish, and Russian

Restorative Justice Learning Tool

provided by the Mennonite Central Committee. (requires flash player)