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Lesson 5: Potentially Restorative Outcomes

Although reparative in nature, the following outcomes are not inherently restorative since they can be -- and have been -- used in ways that are more destructive or vindictive than reparative. However, when they are the outcome of a restorative process, they can provide important avenues for "making things right".


  • restitution programmes require offenders to repay those who have been harmed by their offenses, generally through monetary payments but in some cases through in-kind services to the victims
  • community service programmes require offenders to address the indirect harm to a community caused by crime by performing unpaid work that benefits the community
  • victim compensation funds provide payment to victims by the government or another party unrelated to the offender, in an amount based on the nature and extent of the harm received   


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Slide Shows

Changing Lenses
A profound metaphor for understanding justice (Howard Zehr).
Justice that Heals 
Talks about the wounds of crime and how to heal them.

Introductory Tutorials

An introductory tutorial on the worldwide movement of restorative justice.

What is Restorative Justice?

Series of slide shows describing various aspects of restorative justice.


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Briefing Paper

This paper provides a  definition of restorative justice,  processes, and outcomes. The paper is available in English, French, Spanish, and Russian

Restorative Justice Learning Tool

provided by the Mennonite Central Committee. (requires flash player)