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Community/Neighbourhood/Problem-Oriented Policing

Sometimes linked to restorative values, these approaches to policing emphasize strong relationships between police officers and community members with an orientation toward helping the community solve problems.

Restorative Justice in the Greater Manchester Police
from the report by Baxter, Schoeman and Goffin called Innovation in justice: New delivery models and better outcomes: ....The first of the five aims, to reduce crime, is an area where GMP has had significant success in recent years. A key part of the crime reduction strategy is to “make more use of Restorative Justice to give victims the opportunity to challenge offenders and make them understand the consequences of their behaviour”. In a criminal Justice context, victims are given the chance to tell offenders the real impact of their crime, to get answers and to get an apology. This helps offenders understand the real impact of what they’ve done and holds them to account for it while also helping victims to get on with their lives. To some extent, RJ runs counter to the culture that developed within police forces in response to central government targets because it can adversely affect the statistics traditionally used to assess police performance. Performance was measured against targets such as the numbers of sanctioned detections (where an offender is charged, cautioned, reported for summons, reprimanded, the offence is taken into consideration or where a fixed penalty notice is issued), the numbers of stop and search events and numbers of arrests. The last of these central government policing targets was removed in 2010.
Justice takes to the streets of LA
from the article by Mike Feuer in Los Angeles Times: Since charter reform paved the way for neighborhood councils, Los Angeles has made steady progress toward a more neighborhood-centered government. But up to now, that hasn't included neighborhood-centered justice.
Griffiths, Curt Taylor and Bazemore, Gordon. Police Reform, Restorative Justice and Restorative Policing
Restorative policing appears to represent the next logical step in community policing and police reform generally. The restorative justice model offers both new tools and new principles of intervention that assist police in the tasks of engaging community, forming meaningful partnerships, and building community capacity. Although there have been many success stories in the short history of restorative policing, challenges to implementation abound. Effective, principled implementation of restorative policing depends on a holistic, systemic vision that seeks to incorporate restorative justice principles in all aspects of policing. Goals for this systemic vision include developing restorative resolutions to crime and harm to the greatest extent possible, and to promote community ownership of crime and conflict. As case studies generalizable to other efforts to implement community policing, the papers in this issue move us closer to effective strategies for implementation of restorative policing. They also provide practical examples of the promises and challenges presented by these promising approaches. (excerpt)

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