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Corruption

Restorative justice and victims and perpatrators of corruption.

Sokomani, Andile and Reddy, Trusha. Corruption and social grants in South Africa
The monograph is structured around three broad themes, which divide it into three interlinked chapters. The first chapter, after the methodological approach, sets the strategic context in which the DSD’s [Department of Social Development] anti-corruption efforts evolved. This includes a reflection on the apartheid system and its role in the current corruption tensions in the social assistance system. The examination then turns to the 1994 transition to a new democratic era, which saw the proclamation of basic constitutional rights for all South Africans (including the right to social security), corrective legislation on social assistance, and increased social assistance provisions both in terms of budget and recipients. The final overview in the first chapter is of the DSD’s early attempts to identify corruption and administrative problems, which involved the appointment of various committees of investigation. The second chapter traces the DSD’s subsequent measures in response to monetary losses because of fraud and corruption. The chapter is not an exhaustive discussion of every anti-corruption initiative, but rather a highlight of the most significant recent developments and the lessons that can be learnt from them... The final chapter is a provincial, micro-level analysis in the form of a case study on the Eastern Cape Department of Social Development. It should be noted that it is not meant to provide generalisations about anti-corruption efforts in the rest of the country. That would require a review of more than one province. However, the numerous anti-corruption interventions in the Eastern Cape make it hard to discount it as an extremely compelling area of enquiry... This is a targeted qualitative approach with a premise to understanding an important service delivery sector’s efforts to tackle corruption. (excerpt)
Kodi, Muzong. Corruption et gouvernance en RDC durant la Transition (2003-2006)
Cette étude apporte sa modeste contribution à l’examen de la période de transition. Elle évalue les forces et les faiblesses des institutions et de la législation anti-corruption qui étaient en vigueur au cours de cette période. Elle évalue également le degré de leur succès ou de leur échec et identifi e les facteurs qui ont favorisé ou entravé leur effi cacité. En outre, cette étude identifi e quelques-unes des principales lacunes des lois et règlements nationaux qu’il faudrait corriger en priorité afi n de mettre la législation nationale en conformité avec les instruments juridiques internationaux, en particulier la Convention des Nations Unies contre la corruption, la Convention sur la prévention et la lutte contre la corruption de l’Union africaine (UA), et le Protocole contre la corruption de la Communauté pour le Développement de l’Afrique australe (SADC). Enfi n, des recommandations sont formulées en ce qui concerne les mesures qui devraient être prises en priorité pour améliorer le cadre juridique et les institutions compétentes à court et moyen terme. (excerpt)
Kodi, Muzong. Corruption and Governance in the DRC during the Transition Period (2003-2006)
This study makes a modest contribution to a review of the transition period. It assesses the strengths and weaknesses of the anti-corruption institutions and laws that were in force during that time, evaluates the degree of their success or failure and identifies the factors that supported or inhibited their effectiveness. It further identifies some of the major gaps in national laws and regulations that could be prioritised to make national legislation compliant with international legal instruments (specifically the United Nations Convention against Corruption, the African Union [AU] Convention on Preventing and Combating Corruption, and the Southern African Development Community [SADC] Protocol against Corruption). Finally, recommendations are made regarding what measures should be prioritised to improve the legal framework and the relevant institutions in the short to medium term. (excerpt)
Pretorius, Jacques and van Zyl, Herman. Reconnaissance of South African standards and values in the fight against corruption: Building capacity through the integration of restorative justice practices
South Africa has made great strides in the fight against corruption. However, there are still serious challenges to be faced. With South Africa's rating of 4.8 out of a score of 10 on Transparency International's Corruption Index, it is clear that the country is perceived as having fairly high levels of corruption. There is a general perception within the country too, that corruption is rife. Combating corruption requires a commonly accepted set of ethics. All sectors of society have a duty to ensure that children and adults alike know what is right and what is wrong. A national system of ethics must be clear on what constitutes corruption. The authors evaluate the current ethical framework and the institutional capacity of the South African Government to fight corruption. They challenge old frontiers and scouting new restorative justice practices which could be implemented in the fight against corruption. Abstract courtesy of the Centre for Justice and Peace Development, Massey University, http://justpeace.massey.ac.nz.

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