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Braswell, Michael C and Whitehead, John T (2000). The Future of Probation: Reintroducing the Spiritual Dimension into Correctional Practice. Criminal Justice Review. 25(2): 207-233.

This paper outlines several models of probation for the future: rehabilitation, law-enforcement, 'broken windows', new penology, public safety, intermediate sanction, restorative justice, balanced approach, and spiritual. Positive and negative aspects of each model are examined. Abolition and privatization are also discussed. The authors conclude that restorative justice and the spiritual model are the most promising models for the future of probation. Ways to incorporate a concern for spirituality into probation practice are noted. Author's abstract.

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