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RJ Article . Justice for the Accused or Justice for Victims?: The Protection of Victims' Rights in Japan
"Victims of crime and their families (generally "victims") have been grossly neglected in the past. However, the increasing concern for the plight of victims has driven many countries, including the United States, to improve their treatment. The United Nations adopted the Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime in 19852 to facilitate this movement." (Excerpt)
Located in articlesdb / articles
RJ Article . Minnesota Juvenile Diversion: A summary of statewide practices and programming.
n 2009, the Minnesota Legislature required a study to be completed on “the feasibility of collecting and reporting summary data relating to the decisions that affect a child’s status within the juvenile justice system.”2 The Minnesota Department of Public Safety Office of Justice Programs (OJP) was appointed to produce a report identifying the key decision points in the juvenile justice system and assessing Minnesota’s ability to collect data on youth at each point. A workgroup of more than 50 representatives from law enforcement, county attorneys, juvenile courts, juvenile probation, juvenile correctional facilities, academia, policy and advocacy groups, and community members was convened throughout the year to discuss the legislative requirement. The final report, Juvenile Justice System Decision Points Study: Strategies to Improve Minnesota’s Juvenile Justice Data (2010), illuminated that one area with a significant gap in state-level information was juvenile diversion services and outcomes: 3 “While many law enforcement agencies use diversion programs for youth in lieu of formal referral to the county attorney, and while county attorneys are required by statute to have at least one diversion program for juvenile offenders in lieu of a referral to juvenile court, there is no comprehensive list of these programs in the state. It is unknown how many diversion programs exist, in what counties they operate, what youth populations are served, and with what degree of success…” A specific recommendation of the Juvenile Justice System Decision Points Study was to create a comprehensive list of law enforcement and county attorney diversion programs, including the type of program provided; program duration; referral source/method; and type of offender eligible to participate. One purpose of this report is to fulfill the Juvenile Justice System Decision Points Study recommendation and to publicly disseminate information regarding juvenile diversion. A secondary goal of this report is to present information on evidencebased practices in juvenile diversion programming, where they exist, and compare these practices to diversion in Minnesota. Finally, exploration of juvenile diversion data relates to compliance with the federal Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 2002 (JJDPA). This federal act requires that states receiving certain federal funds collect data on the number, race and ethnicity of youth served at nine pre-determined points in the juvenile justice system. These data must be reported annually to the federal Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention for states to continue to be eligible for federal funding. One required data collection point is the decision to divert youth from formal court processing. Because juvenile diversion activities are subject to local control, and because there is no state-level database for referrals received or cases diverted by county attorneys, Minnesota has been unable to provide diversion data at this required decision point. This report examines whether and how diversion programs collect participant data, which may inform future state-level data collection and analysis activities in support of the JJDPA. (excerpt)
Located in articlesdb / articles
RJ Article . Resource problem solving in therapeutic courts.
Recently, therapeutic jurisprudence scholars and advocates have moved beyond examining whether therapeutic courts work and have begun to examine how courts can work more efficiently. In keeping with that focus, this article examines the resource and funding challenges that drug courts and mental health courts have faced in recent years. Part II of this article will examine the importance of documenting operational costs and the role that diversification of funding plays in the long-term success of therapeutic courts, with an emphasis on how these two practices affect drug courts. Part III of this article focuses on mental health courts and their innovation in obtaining resources in communities where they are lacking. The author hopes by spotlighting therapeutic court challenges and innovation, this article may help struggling or new therapeutic courts develop ideas related to funding and resource acquisition. (excerpt)
Located in articlesdb / articles
RJ Article . Survey of Tribal Court effectiveness studies.
Alaska Native tribes have used sentencing circles and other cultural traditions to address problems involving tribal members for centuries. This way of dealing with disputes in a restorative and reparative manner eventually gave way to an adversarial process when Alaska was purchased by the United States. Alaska Natives have always had a unique relationship with the federal government; there is currently only one reservation in Alaska and limited other forms of Indian country in the state. In 1971 the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANCSA) was signed into law, extinguishing all unsettled Alaska Native claims to land by placing title to land in the control of Alaska Native corporations. Subsequent cases have determined that land transferred to Alaska Native corporations via ANCSA cannot be considered Indian country for the purpose of establishing tribal courtjurisdiction.(excerpt)
Located in articlesdb / articles
RJ Article . The embrace of justice: The Greensboro Truth and Reconciliation Commission, Miroslav Volf and the ethics of reconciliation.
Drawing on the final report of the Greensboro Truth and Reconciliation Commission and on social trinitarian theology, this essay builds on Miroslav Volf’s account of reconciliation as embrace. Specifically, this essay argues for the necessity of various forms of justice in social and political reconciliation and against the priority of forgiveness in reconciliation argued for by Volf. The heart of this argument is a theological anthropology that claims that to be created in the image of a perichoretic God who is Trinity is necessarily to be interdependent beings. This interdependence is manifest in the interpersonal, social, and political relations that constitute and are constituted by individual humans and the institutions in which they live. Therefore, the creation and maintenance of just institutions is necessary for the formation of persons capable of practicing reconciliation, and for reconciled persons to live within. (author's abstract)
Located in articlesdb / articles
RJ Article . Tribal jurisdiction over social and minor crimes: The only feasible resolution for institutional racism in Alaskan criminal law enforcement.
Alaska Natives face well-documented impediments to criminal justice and village public safety.' Federal, state, and non-governmental investigative committees consistently report systemic racial injustice. Recommendations universally support localization of governance, either by enabling existing tribal entities to self-help or by extending the mechanisms of the State into rural communities. Despite over forty years of academic consensus, Alaska's racial injustice persists largely unremitted. Failure to adequately address the sources and symptoms of racial disparity is in part a factor of changing political administrations, evolving resource considerations, and competition between state and federal legal regimes. Remedial measures undertaken by the State suffer from chronic underfunding; meanwhile, tribal entities lack the resources or legal authority to engage in self-help. Geographic and cultural barriers exacerbate insufficient resources and obstruct necessary reform. (excerpt)
Located in articlesdb / articles
2nd Chance Staffing
from the organization's website: To ex-offenders: We employ motivated men and women that have made concrete changes in their lives. A change to us means having become a law-abiding member of the community who understands there is no replacement for hard work and dedication. If you fit this bill, we are looking for you. We care about your skills, your mindset, and your future -- not your past. To businesses: At 2nd Chance, we provide top-quality employees for companies of all sizes. Because we have consistently provided loyal, hardworking employees for Fortune 500 companies across the country, we have seen first-hand how well our business model works. Whether you are searching for long-term employees or temp-to-hire positions, 2nd Chance can help!
Located in Restorative Justice Online Blog -- RJOB
“Somebody could have died that day.”
from the article by Laura Mirsky in Restorative Practices Blog: “Somebody could have died that day.” That’s what a student said after a fight nearly erupted at a small Detroit high school last month. But a restorative circle squashed the tension and prevented a tragedy.
Located in Restorative Justice Online Blog -- RJOB
2012 party platforms on criminal justice policy (US)
from the report by the Sentencing Project: The Washington Post recently reported that the gulf between Republicans and Democrats has never been wider. On issue after issue, the two major political parties often disagree in substantial ways. But in the area of criminal justice policy, we have seen in recent years the potential for a bipartisan consensus. A plurality of American voters say that too many people are in prison, and an overwhelming majority -- including voters across political, generational, and racial lines -- want policies that would exchange prisons for more effective alternatives. After nearly four decades of unprecedented expansion, a number of states have reduced prison capacity, even closing prisons, in recent years, thanks to innovative public policy. These advances suggest real momentum for reform.
Located in Restorative Justice Online Blog -- RJOB
‘Peace hubs’ aim to save kids from crime stigma
from the article by Rod Watson in Buffalo News: VOICE-Buffalo’s effort to create “peace hubs” in churches, mosques, synagogues and other neighborhood anchors could resolve low-level conflicts before they ever reach police. It’s part of a “restorative justice” effort to turn around wayward youth before they get ensnared in a criminal-justice system staffed by many who don’t understand the neighborhoods they patrol or the young people they prosecute. It’s not an effort to coddle criminals; it’s an effort to save kids.
Located in Restorative Justice Online Blog -- RJOB