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"Restorative justice" to reintegrate youth-at-risk into society
from Wayne Chan's article in Minister of State for Home Affairs, Masagos Zulkifli recommended using "restorative justice" to divert delinquent youth away from the court justice system. He said this at the 1st Singapore Restorative Conference which kicked off on Thursday.
Located in Restorative Justice Online Blog -- RJOB
RJ Article . A decade of progress: Promising models for children in the Turkish juvenile justice system.
Turkey has improved its approach to interacting with children in conflict with the law over the past decade, moving closer to a system that ensures its children the opportunity to strive for a better future. This Article focuses on two promising Turkish reforms that hold potential to improve juvenile justice systems internationally, namely: open model incarceration and Turkey ' approach to diversion. This Article demonstrates how a child-centeredjuvenilej ustice system can improve public safety and outcomes for youth. It also addresses potential challenges to each model and identifies broader issues that may require reform. (author's abstract)
Located in articlesdb / articles
RJ Article . Access to Youth Justice in New Zealand: "The Very Good, the Good, the Bad and the Ugly."
This paper now turns to the question of whether New Zealand's youth justice system is one that ensures access to justice for young people. It is also pertinent to examine whether the system is one that promotes access to justice for families of young offenders and for victims. Discussion is grouped around the following headings: a separate, youth-focused, victim-aware system (the very good), ten factors that promote access to youth justice (the good), three factors that restrict access to youth justice (the bad), and three areas in which access to youth justice is denied (the ugly). (excerpt)
Located in articlesdb / articles
Re-integrative shaming has been a central, but by no means uncontroversial principle of restorative practices within the youth justice system. This paper draws on video data from a creative writing project with young offenders in the context of individuated restorative justice programmes. It presents material from work with a young female offender who has been caught up in violent family relations, committed violent offences and whose fantasy life is also permeated by images of violence. Within an on-going conversation with a local poet she finds a symbolic form to symbolise destructive sides of the self. The inter-subjective recognition within the poetry-writing sessions takes place in a context where the tendency to institutionalised shaming embedded in the youth justice system is temporarily suspended. The paper considers the potential of such processes to facilitate moral learning by fostering guilt, concern and the wish to make reparation.
Located in articlesdb / articles
RJ Article . Children of the abyss: Permutations of childhood in South Africa's child justice act.
This article critically examines recent legislation in South Africa intended to systematically overhaul the country's juvenile justice system. Developed and heatedly debated over the course of a decade, the Child Justice Act implements novel procedural protections and large-scale restorative justice programs. By analyzing the political history, social context, and evolving text of the Child Justice Act, I call into question prevailing assumptions about post-apartheid South Africa's socio-legal history. Close examination of the Act's major drafts (in 2002, 2007, and 2008) reveals a set of tensions in the political and rhetorical status of youths as alternately victims of circumstance and threats to society. Rather than confronting and resolving this tension, which subverts the linear logic of post-apartheid “transition,” the act reinscribes that tension in a new vocabulary and logic of governance and social management. Contemporary South African history thus demonstrates a pattern not of transition but of problematic permutations. (author's abstract)
Located in articlesdb / articles
RJ Article . Family group conferencing: A pilot project within the juvenile court system in Louisville, Kentucky.
The following article will: 1) define family group conferencing and provide evidence that supports its effectiveness; 2)discuss the step-by-step process of implementing and sustaining the Restorative Justice Louisville pilot project; 3) provide data from the 73 cases referred to the pilot project; and 4) discuss overcoming barriers and other lessons learned from the implementation of RJ practices in the juvneile system in Louisville, Kentucky. This in-depth review will assist lawyers, judges, and community stakeholders in other jurisdictions who are attempting to implement RJ practices with young offenders. (excerpt)
Located in articlesdb / articles
RJ Article . Innovative Law Old Services: Application and Limitations in the Application of Restorative Justice in Italy: Description and Analysis of a Case Study.
This study aims to present how restorative justice is applied in the context of the Italian legislature through a case study. In particular, the relationship between a judge of the Juvenile Court, the local Social Services and the drug addiction service is presented. After a brief presentation of the history of Italian juvenile justice and a comment on the current model of juvenile justice, a number of critical issues, organisational and technical, will be analysed. From this, the need to renew some local services will emerge, in relation to the cultural and judicial approach to minor offenders. (authors' abstract)
Located in articlesdb / articles
RJ Article . Juvenile Justice Reform and Policy Convergence in the New Vietnam
"This article analyses juvenile justice reform inVietnam and suggests how this connects with key transformations in wider Vietnamese cultures of control. It offers a grounded investigation of themes raised in recent discussions of policy transfer in the global criminal justice field. It concurs with others that global processes of policy convergence have their local limits, using Vietnamese examples to illustrate where this convergence comes about in practice and where it does not. It explores efforts to professionalize existing community justice practices through a discussion of perceived needs for ‘training’ and for the expansion of ‘counselling’. In doing so, it aims to show how justice practices that might be called ‘neo-welfarist’ are emerging in one of East Asia’s most remarkable political hybrids – the new Vietnam – a communist state that has embraced economic liberalism and, in the process, is creating a new kind of ‘social’ sphere."(Author's Abstract)
Located in articlesdb / articles
RJ Article . Keeping promises to preserve promise: The necessity of committing to a rehabilitation model in the juvenile justice system.
In reaching this conclusion, this Note will first provide a brief overview of the juvenile justice system's historical mission and its subsequent abandonment of its charge to rehabilitate young people. It will then discuss the consequences of the system's focus on punishment instead of rehabilitation, most notably in the form of high recidivism rates that disproportionately affect communities of color. Part two of the Note will discuss in more detail why the system is currently failing. It contends that a misallocation of resources away from wrap-around services and towards law-and-order focused punishment has doomed the system to failure. In addition, the juvenile justice system lacks the types of multi-systemic partnerships and coordination that would better transition young people from system involvement back into their communities. Finally, this Note introduces a series of suggested reforms, drawing from best practices throughout the country. These systemic changes will address the three possible stages of a youth's system involvement: the period immediately following arrest, detention, and transition back into the community. (excerpt)
Located in articlesdb / articles
RJ Article . Minnesota Juvenile Diversion: A summary of statewide practices and programming.
n 2009, the Minnesota Legislature required a study to be completed on “the feasibility of collecting and reporting summary data relating to the decisions that affect a child’s status within the juvenile justice system.”2 The Minnesota Department of Public Safety Office of Justice Programs (OJP) was appointed to produce a report identifying the key decision points in the juvenile justice system and assessing Minnesota’s ability to collect data on youth at each point. A workgroup of more than 50 representatives from law enforcement, county attorneys, juvenile courts, juvenile probation, juvenile correctional facilities, academia, policy and advocacy groups, and community members was convened throughout the year to discuss the legislative requirement. The final report, Juvenile Justice System Decision Points Study: Strategies to Improve Minnesota’s Juvenile Justice Data (2010), illuminated that one area with a significant gap in state-level information was juvenile diversion services and outcomes: 3 “While many law enforcement agencies use diversion programs for youth in lieu of formal referral to the county attorney, and while county attorneys are required by statute to have at least one diversion program for juvenile offenders in lieu of a referral to juvenile court, there is no comprehensive list of these programs in the state. It is unknown how many diversion programs exist, in what counties they operate, what youth populations are served, and with what degree of success…” A specific recommendation of the Juvenile Justice System Decision Points Study was to create a comprehensive list of law enforcement and county attorney diversion programs, including the type of program provided; program duration; referral source/method; and type of offender eligible to participate. One purpose of this report is to fulfill the Juvenile Justice System Decision Points Study recommendation and to publicly disseminate information regarding juvenile diversion. A secondary goal of this report is to present information on evidencebased practices in juvenile diversion programming, where they exist, and compare these practices to diversion in Minnesota. Finally, exploration of juvenile diversion data relates to compliance with the federal Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 2002 (JJDPA). This federal act requires that states receiving certain federal funds collect data on the number, race and ethnicity of youth served at nine pre-determined points in the juvenile justice system. These data must be reported annually to the federal Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention for states to continue to be eligible for federal funding. One required data collection point is the decision to divert youth from formal court processing. Because juvenile diversion activities are subject to local control, and because there is no state-level database for referrals received or cases diverted by county attorneys, Minnesota has been unable to provide diversion data at this required decision point. This report examines whether and how diversion programs collect participant data, which may inform future state-level data collection and analysis activities in support of the JJDPA. (excerpt)
Located in articlesdb / articles