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Located in articlesdb / articles
“Operation Regeneration”: Applying the Lessons of Bougainville to International Peace Operations
Using lessons learned from Bougainville, this article presents a hypothetical civil war and how peace operations might respond. The article is excerpted from the PhD dissertation of Peter Reddy who studied peacemaking operations in Bougainville and Somalia. His complete dissertation, Peace Operations and Restorative Justice: Groundwork for Post-conflict Regeneration, is attached.
Located in Previous Editions / 2007 / August 2007 Edition
A Ministry of Reconciliation: The Umuvumu Tree Project in Rwanda
With the imminent release of thousands of genocide prisoners angry over eight years of imprisonment without trial into communities still bitter over the violence and death, Prison Fellowship Rwanda, a local NGO, saw the potential for renewed violence and decided to act.
Located in Previous Editions / 2003 / February 2003 Edition
RJ Article Aboriginal Justice Advisory Council. Circle Sentencing: Involving Aboriginal Communities in the Sentencing Process
Circle sentencing or circle courts arose in Canada in the early 1992 out of a decision from the Supreme Court of the Yukon in the case of R v Moses. In that case the presiding judge, Judge Stuart, advocated a significant change in the Canadian sentencing process. Judge Stuart was of the opinion that a significant and immediate improvement could be achieved within the judicial system by increasing meaningful community involvement in the sentencing process, before during and after the sentencing takes place. In attempting to implement this Judge Stuart consulted the local Indian community and the concept of circle courts was developed. Circle courts were adopted by a number of more traditionally oriented first nations people in Canada, but have subsequently been adopted in Canadian urban settings and are also now used in the United States. (excerpt)
Located in articlesdb / articles
RJ Article Abrahamsen, Therese and van der Merwe, Hugo. Reconciliation through Amnesty? Amnesty Applicants' Views of the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission.
While much has been written about the TRC's amnesty process, this study seeks to address a serious gap in the research. Through an empirical evaluation of the perpetrators' own experiences of the amnesty process, this study addresses the need for a better understanding of how the amnesty process worked in practice, how it managed to draw perpetrators into applying for amnesty, how they felt about the process, how their lives were affected by the amnesty process, and whether and to what extent a public, conditional amnesty process served as a vehicle for achieving reconciliation between former perpetrators and survivors of gross human rights abuse and the reintegration of perpetrators into society. In order to complement this insider perspective of the amnesty process, this study also draws from interviews with former TRC staff and lawyers who were involved in every step of the amnesty process; from assisting applicants with their applications to representing them during the hearings. The aim of this report is both to inform further intervention with ex-combatants in South Africa, and to provide some insights that may guide other international efforts to engage perpetrators of human rights abuses in conditional amnesties, truth seeking, restorative justice and reconciliation processes.(excerpt)
Located in articlesdb / articles
RJ Article Achilles, Mary. Will Restorative Justice Live up to Its Promise to Victims?
Several years ago Mary Achilles collaborated with Howard Zehr on an article on the promises and challenges of restorative justice with respect to victims. They raised concerns about what they perceived as the offender-centered nature of many restorative justice programs and practitioners. As she writes in this chapter, Achilles still believes those concerns to be legitimate, yet she is also now inclined to take a more expanded view about the possibility that restorative justice can live up to its promise to victims. Specifically, she sees the promise of restorative justice to be the elevation of victims to the position of stakeholders in a justice process that begins immediately from the point of the harm caused by wrongdoing. With that in mind, she sketches how restorative justice can be the basis for changing the way we respond to victims to their benefit.
Located in articlesdb / articles
RJ Article Acorn, Annalise. Compulsory Compassion: A Critique of Restorative Justice
At first, writes Annalise Acorn, restorative justice ideas and practices appealed greatly to her. She had deep misgivings about criminal justice as commonly conceived and applied; especially, as she puts it, with criminal justice as a 'conflation of justice with punishment as imprisonment – or as any pure infliction of suffering on the wrongdoer.' Restorative justice seemed so much more right and worthy as an approach to wrongdoing and injustice. Eventually, however, doubts about restorative justice began to chip away at her initially positive assessment. Her growing skepticism came from several sources, including reflection on her own personal experience, her sense of moral intuition, discomfort with what she perceived as a kind of wishful-thinking 'romanticism' in restorative justice perspectives, and analysis of restorative justice concepts. With all of this in mind, Acorn seeks in this book a critical examination of restorative justice. In particular, she critically assesses the claim that restorative justice can successfully bring together the values of love and compassion, on the one hand, and the requirement of justice and accountability, on the other hand. Toward these ends, she discusses the seductive vision of restorative justice; justice and the teachableness of universal love; restorative optimism; sentimental justice; love and justice; compulsory compassion; and restorative utopias.
Located in articlesdb / articles
RJ Article Adams, Helen and Prestidge, Brian and McMenamin, Donald and Cronin-Lampe, Ron and Cronin-Lampe, Kathy and Jenner, Kerry and Macfarlane, Angus H and Winslade, John and Drewery, Wendy. Restorative Practices for Schools, A Resource: Human Development and Counselling Monograph 1
This booklet has been prepared for the use of a range of educational professionals who are interested in introducing restorative practices in their school. The materials were originally prepared for the use of schools for the purpose of reducing suspensions. (excerpt)
Located in articlesdb / articles
RJ Article Aertsen, Ivo. La médiation sociale en Belgique et les débats sur la justice restaurative en Europe (ou, Le développement d’une justice réparatrice orientée vers la victime: la problématique et l’expérience belge)
Une synthèse de la session de formation continue "La justice en perspectives", organisée par l'Ecole nationale de la magistrature et dirigée par Jean-Paul Jean, directeur de la Mission de recherche Droit et Justice en France.
Located in articlesdb / articles
RJ Article Ahmed, Eliza and Braithwaite, Valerie. "What, Me Ashamed?" Shame Management and School Bullying
This study focuses on the prediction of self-initiated bullying from family, school, personality, and shame management variables. Reintegrative shaming theory provided a theoretical framework for data gathered from students (n = 1,401) and their parents (n = 978). To test the importance of shame management in relation to bullying, the MOSS-SASD instrument (Management Of Shame State-Shame Acknowledgment and Shame Displacement) was developed. Bullying was related to a child's unacknowledged shame and its displacement to other-directed blame and anger. The results of path analysis indicated that shame management partially mediated the effects of family, school, and personality variables on bullying. The implications of these findings for creating a safer school environment are discussed. Author's abstract.
Located in articlesdb / articles