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RJ Article Talbot, Mary E. . Public Responsiveness to Victim's Recommendations in their Sentencing Decisions: Role of Victim's Race, Victim Impact Statement and Judge's Instruction.
This research proposal is aimed at understanding the gap in justice between Caucasian victims and African American victims. The literature on Victim Impact Statements (VIS) provided in the penalty/sentencing phases in trials may provide some solutions to level the playing field. VIS serves as a voice for the victims or crime, and helps the jurors to see the victim as human being rather than a faceless victim. Studies have shown that the greater harm caused is related to greater blameworthiness of defendant (Feigenson, Park, & Salovey, 1997). Moreover, this research assesses whether the public supports restorative sentencing options for convicted offenders of burglary and aggravated battery, and whether this support generalizes to offenders who victimize African-American as well as Caucasian individuals. (Excerpt).
Located in articlesdb / articles
File Iivari, Juhani.Challenges of Organizing Victim-Offender Mediation in Finland
This short article reports on a study commissioned by the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health. The project focused on the present situation surrounding mediation and possible options for organizing mediation.
Located in Full-Text Documents at RJ Online
File Mika, Harry, et. al. Taking Victims and Their Advocates Seriously: A Listening Project
This report details the activities and outcomes of the Listening Project, a collaboration of professionals active in the victim community and the field of restorative justice.
Located in Full-Text Documents at RJ Online
RJ Article Paul McCold. Protocols for Evaluating Restorative Justice Programmes
This article provides a review and critique of the current research findings about restorative justice. It is suggested that some of the positive findings are not due to programme efficacy, but rather to well-known threats to validity. The effect of case attrition on selection bias is considered in light of the voluntary nature of many restorative justice programs. Standardization of program measures is urged with specific research protocols presented and described. Protocols for measuring participant perceptions are compared. Before scientifically valid statements can be made about best practices, much more rigorous research needs to be conducted.If the results of multiple program evaluations are going to contribute to accumulated understanding of the practice,measures across programs must be standardized. A research agenda is described that would eventually allow for empirically fitting the forum to the fuss and establishing best practice standards across models. Six programme level and six case level measures are proposed as the minimum required for basic program comparisons to be meaningful.
Located in articlesdb / articles
RJ Article Shapland, Joanna and Robinson, Gwen and Sorsby, Angela. Restorative justice in practice: Evaluating what works for victims and offenders.
Restorative justice has made significant progress in recent years and now plays an increasingly important role in and alongside the criminal justice systems of a number of countries in different parts of the world. In many cases, however, successes and failures, strengths and weaknesses have not been evaluated sufficiently systematically and comprehensively. Restorative justice in practice addresses this need, analysing the results of the implementation of restorative justice schemes in the largest and most complete trial of restorative jsutice with adult offenders worldwide. (Publisher's description)
Located in articlesdb / articles
RJ Article Littlechild, Brian and Sender, Helen. The introduction of restorative justice approaches in young people’s residential units: A critical evaluation .
Restorative justice was introduced as a way of dealing with interpersonal conflicts, as well as with residents’ criminal and anti-social behaviour. This report evaluates the influence of restorative justice on young people and staff, and their experiences of its effects as a means of dealing with residents’ criminal acts, anti-social behaviour and interpersonal conflicts. It also analyses the effect that its introduction had on police call-outs to the four residential units. (excerpt)
Located in articlesdb / articles
Central America: Restorative juvenile justice and a region’s important choices
from the article in Creative Times: In light of the vast challenges faced by the juvenile justice systems in these three countries, Orietta Zumbado, a Judge who leads USAID-SICA AJR’s juvenile justice component, recently sat down with international restorative juvenile justice expert, Victor Herrero. The two team members discussed alternative justice measures in Central America. Herrero, who has applied restorative juvenile justice in more than ten countries, is currently working with AJR to strengthen the institutions responsible for oversight and control of alternative sanctions imposed on minors, so that these more efficiently and more effectively impact recidivism indexes and improve the capacity for the social rehabilitation of offenders.
Located in Restorative Justice Online Blog -- RJOB
RJ Article Levad, Amy. Restorative Justice: Theories and Practices of Moral Imagination.
Criminal justice systems in the United States are in crisis. Currently over 7.3 million adults in the U.S. are under some form of supervision, including probation, prison, and parole, by state, local, or federal criminal justice systems. At midyear 2009, nearly 1.6 million of these people were in prion, and nearly 800,000 were in jail. While these numbers are troubling enough to raise serious questions about our criminal justice systems, discrepancies related to race and ethnicity among prison and jail populations add greater urgency to addressing this crisis. Racial and ethnic minority populations are incarcerated at astounding rates in comparison with whites. This identity crisis suggests that addressing high rates of incarceration as well as the disparities that riddle criminal and juvenile justice systems requires reconsideration of basic ideologies and practices of justice. Among the questions that must arise in this process of reconsideration is whether justice is being realized in any meaningful sense. True, people must face the consequences of their crimes. Bu what do we understand "justice" to mean, and how can we know if it is being realized? What should the nature of our criminal and juvenile justice systems be? What consequences do our interpretations of justice entail for victims, offenders, and our communities in the wake of crime? How should our ideologies of justice be instituted in practice? (Excerpt).
Located in articlesdb / articles
NIH to fund first randomized controlled trials for restorative practices in 16 Maine schools
from the article on Restorative Works: RAND Corporation, in conjunction with the National Institutes of Health, is embarking on a randomized controlled study to measure the effectiveness of restorative practices in influencing school environments and decreasing problem behaviors.
Located in Restorative Justice Online Blog -- RJOB
RJ Article . The Struggle for ‘‘Ownership of Conflict’’: An Exploration of Victim Participation and Voice in the Criminal Justice System
"In the past several decades, the victims’ rights movement has advocated for a more inclusive criminal justice system, one that would allow victims greater voice. In response, states have created opportunities for victims to participate in the various stages of the justice process. One example of this inclusion is the victim impact statement that allows victims the opportunity to share their stories and victimization experiences with the court. And, while there is an abundance of research examining the effects of these statements on certain outcomes (e.g., sentencing), few studies have explored how the victim’s role in the justice process is created in relation to, or perhaps in conflict with, criminal justice workers. The current study used in-depth interviews with criminal justice officials and families of homicide victims to uncover views of victim participation. Results indicated that while most members of the courtroom workgroup felt victims should have a role in the justice process, they believed that role should be limited. Conversely, advocates and crime victims sought a more pro- nounced role for victims in the justice process. These disparate views caused conflict between these groups and raised questions about the nature of the role for victims in the justice process."(Author's Abstract)
Located in articlesdb / articles