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D.A. candidate Jackie Lacey looks to move up
from the article by Robert Greene in the Los Angeles Times: ....California faces a sweeping revamp of the way it delivers and administers criminal justice. Under the policy change known as realignment, counties must take on the task of incarcerating and supervising many felons who formerly went to state prison. The next district attorney of Los Angeles County will play a lead role in developing and articulating policies that will determine whether smart, cost-effective alternative sentencing practices lead to rehabilitation — or instead to dangerous criminals being released, unsupervised, into the community.
Located in Restorative Justice Online Blog -- RJOB
Utah’s mental health court addresses repeat offender problems
from Jason Nowa's article on Voices of Utah: Sim Gill believes that jail is for people who have murdered, raped, or who harm children and not a place for the mentally ill. He is currently in the process of trying to accomplish this. Gill, who is the Salt Lake County District Attorney, recently spoke to small group of University of Utah students on about his job and the passions that drive him. Gill spoke about various processes, from how he deals with the death penalty, drug abuse and to the mentally ill committing crimes. The United States jails more people than any other country in the world, he said. Gill estimated around 2.2 million people in the United States are currently incarcerated.
Located in Restorative Justice Online Blog -- RJOB
RJ Article Refshauge, Richard. Justice For All - Victims, Defendants, Prisoners and the Community: Victims Rights and the Role of the Prosecutor
The article discusses historical attitudes towards victims of crimes and what their legal rights are considered to be, focusing primarily on the legal history of Australia. The author goes on to direct the discussion towards the interaction between a prosecutor and a victim, developing the moral considerations and ethical intricacies of the prosecutor as both a professional trying to achieve a legal end and a citizen required to respect a fellow citizen who has suffered trauma.
Located in articlesdb / articles
Comment Workability
Although we may disagree with a political system, every system may feature attributes and effective practices that actually work in contrast with the practices we [...]
Located in Restorative Justice Online Blog -- RJOB / Not adding up: Criminal reconciliation in Chinese juvenile justice / ++conversation++default
Not adding up: Criminal reconciliation in Chinese juvenile justice
from the article in Dui Hua's Human Rights Journal: Recent amendments to China’s Criminal Procedure Law involve special procedures for handling cases involving juvenile defendants and resolving cases through criminal reconciliation. Although the law does not explicitly link the two, criminal reconciliation has been a key feature in the development of China’s juvenile justice system under the principle of “education first, punishment second.” Dui Hua welcomes criminal reconciliation as a means to restorative justice and reduced juvenile incarceration, but research suggests that the relatively new measure is experiencing some growing pains in China. Jiang Jue (姜珏), a PhD candidate in the School of Law at the Chinese University of Hong Kong, has done extensive research on criminal reconciliation in China and has seen how the process works in many juvenile cases. Her research indicates that current implementation of criminal reconciliation falls short of juvenile justice principles by alienating youth and stifling attempts at education.
Located in Restorative Justice Online Blog -- RJOB
RJ Article Weiland, Doris and Irons-Guynn, Cheryl and Goldkamp, John S. Community prosecution strategies: Measuring Impact. A report on community justice initiatives
This lengthy research report examines the emergence of community prosecution strategies and some of their common elements in the United States, with particular emphasis on measuring the impact of such strategies. Community prosecution constitutes a "grassroots" approach to law enforcement. It poses the possibility of significant changes in the role and aim of the prosecutor and in the organization and operation of the prosecutor's office. To accomplish their research, the authors made observations and conducted interviews with officials and key actors in prosecutor's offices across the United States who are engaged in community prosecution. The report consists of several parts: an executive summary; a discussion of the role of the prosecutor with respect to the community and community justice; a history of the emergence of community prosecution strategies; a typology of such strategies; overviews of community prosecution programs in the United States; and description of the research methods used to measure the impact of community prosecution.
Located in articlesdb / articles
RJ Article Johnson, Robert M.A. "Diversion and restorative justice in the United States: Traditional practices and emerging trends."
Johnson, a county attorney in Minnesota, focuses on two alternatives to traditional criminal justice practices: diversion and restorative justice. As background, he begins by explaining the structure of the U.S. criminal justice system. Next he explores restorative justice core values and practices in the U.S. This leads to discussion of empirical evidence concerning the impact of restorative justice and emerging trends in restorative justice. Johnson then turns to diversion programs in the U.S. He surveys their history and current practice (the diversion process; and diversion at federal and state levels). He also considers key issues that relate to diversion. In an appendix, Johnson outlines the plan for an adult criminal diversion program in Anoka County, Minnesota.
Located in articlesdb / articles
RJ Article Anderson, K. "Community Justice Centres: Alternatives to Prosecution."
Community justice centers in New South Wales (Australia) appear to be achieving their primary objective, the establishment of voluntary lay mediation service for the resolution of disputes between parties in ongoing relationships. The Community Justice Centres (Pilot Project) Act of 1980 established three experimental community justice centers in New South Wales. The centers use the technique of mediation to deal with the underlying tensions and conflicts in ongoing relationships.
Located in articlesdb / articles
RJ Article Young, M.A. Restorative Community Justice: A Call to Action.
This monograph presents a theoretical description of restorative community justice (RCJ), combining both the goals of retribution (punishment) and restorative justice (restitution). In addition to swift and certain punishments, offenders also owe restitution to their victim and community. RCJ principles are identified. The RCJ approach is based on offender accountability and victim responsibilities. RCJ program elements include community policing, community prosecution, community courts, and community corrections. Policy initiatives related to RCJ are considered, and a community policing/problem-solving action plan devised for Portland Oregon is appended.
Located in articlesdb / articles
RJ Article Kaas, Glenn M. "Restorative Justice: A New Paradigm for the Prosecutor (A View From Hartford Community Court)."
The court focuses on the reasons underlying the offensive behavior rather than on the offense and its possible penalties and seeks immediate provision of social services to address homelessness, hunger, mental disorders, drug abuse, or other underlying issues. Immediate intervention is another feature of the court. Offenders must appear within 48 hours of an arrest or summons. The court provides a means for these defendants to pay back the community for their nuisance offenses in the form of community service hours and to do that service as soon as possible after the commission of the offense. The prosecutor uses an approach that is less adversarial than is the norm for a prosecutor. The prosecutor engages the offender as almost a partner in the community service business rather than as another defendant to be prosecuted. Thus, the judge eventually dismisses 95 percent of the cases. The court processed 10,376 cases between November 10, 1998 and August 15, 2000. The city has benefited from almost 43,000 hours of community service. A small percentage of misdemeanor cases transfer to the regular superior court sessions. The court's experience demonstrates the need to disregard the usual adversarial approach and consider as successful any cases that end with an offender receiving assistance from a social service agency or providing community service.
Located in articlesdb / articles