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RJ Article . In the name of Delhi Gang Rape: The proposed tough juvenile justice law reform initiative.
The incident ofDecember 16, 2012 sparked a significant social and legal debate regarding the laws of sexual offences as well as subjectingjuveniles to the criminal justice system. The Cabinet has proposed an amendment to the Juvenile Justice Act that would allowprosecution ofjuveniles between 16 and 18years for heinous crimes. This essay reflects on the history ofjuvenile justice and cautions against hasty reforms that would alienate and punish rather than assimilate and reform juveniles who may offend the law. (author's abstract)
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RJ Article van Gelder, S. The Ecology of Justice: Making Connections to Stop Crime
Discusses the relationships between healthy communities and their healing approaches to justice. This article calls for providing those who make mistakes to have an opportunity and an incentive to make amends and to be reaccepted. Also included in this special edition are article exerts from Daniel Van Ness and Walter Dickey on restorative justice; readings on inner-city crime prevention programs that work by Anne Sulton, M. Isolina Ferre, Lois Arkin, Ron Cowart, Robert Harris and Lupe Loena; on Japanese justice by John O. Haley, corporate crime by John S. Adams, open prisons in India by Jim Merkel; and stopping crime at its roots by Robert Gilman.
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RJ Article Merkel, Jim. Prison without Walls: Kerala's Open Prison Draws on Strengths of Community Life
More than 30 years ago, Kerala's central government set up a commission that recommended open prisons focused on reform. In August 1962, Kerala's first open prison was inaugurated. Currently, it's the only open prison in Kerala, although Indian states Uttar Pradesh and Andra Pradesh also have this type of prison. Viewed as an experiment, the prison holds about 280 prisoners. Every convict begins his sentence in a closed prison, and those who exhibit good behavior are transferred to the open prison. The open prison is known for treating prisoners with respect and entrusting them with responsibilities for work on the rubber plantation, personal chores, and cooperation within the prison community. Attempting to escape or committing any criminal offense after release will result in incarceration in a closed prison. To date, there has been only one repeat offender.
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RJ Article Brinker, Gregory P. Indiana Juvenile Crime Forum proceedings
In 1997 a series of hearings were held throughout Indiana to gain firsthand knowledge about juvenile justice from judges, prosecutors, probation officers, law enforcement officials, nonprofit agency representatives, and others. The purposes were to investigate the scope of juvenile crime in Indiana and the impact of its costs on Indiana communities. Subjects of the hearings included juvenile justice costs; aftercare programs; detention and juvenile correction facilities; prevention and intervention programs; the role of nonprofits, schools, and families; legislation; and the juvenile court process.
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RJ Article Chattoraj, B N. Ways and means for enhancing the aftercare and rehabilitative programmes for released offenders: An Indian perspective
Chattoraj maintains that the ultimate objective of corrections is the rehabilitation of offenders into the mainstream of social life. Aftercare is a vital necessity in this process. In this paper Chattoraj offers pragmatic and workable suggestions for enhancing aftercare and rehabilitative services for released inmates in India. His paper includes a survey of the origin and development of aftercare in India, findings from research into the state of aftercare, discussion of issues concerning that situation, and recommendations for future directions for aftercare in India.
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RJ Article Cordella, J.. Reconciliation and the Mutualist Model of Community.
This paper presents a mutualist model of community which views conflict as a weakening of communion among its members and implies a need for restoration to full communion. Reconciliation is presented as an alternative to punishment. The early Christian Church is evaluated as a mutualist blueprint. Mennonite theology and Hutterite communities are presented as modern versions of mutualism guided by the central rule of agape with very little reliance on legality. A social change model of reconciliation is then presented as the alternative to libertarianism, revolution and reform movements for implementing social change.
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RJ Article Harris, M. K. Moving into the New Millennium: Toward a Feminist Vision of Justice
Compares traditional criminal justice reform efforts and current trends toward more of the same. Harris calls for a new approach, consistent with values of feminism. It is suggested that feminism offers a set of values, beliefs and experiences useful to turn us away from war making policies against crime. The author questions whether criminal punishment is an appropriate or constructive response. Empowerment approaches would refuse to return evil with evil or allow punishment to be both the means and ends of justice.
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RJ Article Immarigeon, Russ. Beyond the Fear of Crime: Reconciliation as the Basis for Criminal Justice Policy
Rehabilitation has been replaced by retribution as the dominant paradigm for criminal justice intervention in the United States during the last two decades. This paper presents a different perspective on different approach, restitution and reconciliation, which is seen as a growing in popularity. Research suggests these approaches are more effective than current repressive measures. The author argues for Christie's view of conflicts as property, and calls for increased criminological attention to victim's involvement as part of a larger peacemaking criminology. Five case studies are presented.
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RJ Article Pepinsky, Hal.. The Geometry of Violence and Democracy.
A theoretical essay radically reconceptualizes the crime problem, shifting the emphasis from how offenders behave to how people's motives interact and from a distinct social problem to an inseparable part of the problem of how to make peace instead of war. Drawing from chaos theory and other sources outside social science, crime and punishment are conceptualized as synonymous forms of a larger violence, which rises and falls as systems of power are concentrated and dissipated. The antithesis of violence is a realm of interaction: democracy: where people do not feel violated and are not perceived as engaging in violence. The only path away from crime and violence is to substitute democratic interaction for them.
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RJ Article R. Quinney and Pepinsky, Hal.. Criminology as Peacemaking.
An anthology includes 20 essays and reviews on the emerging criminology of peacemaking. The peacemaking perspective seeks to alleviate suffering and thereby reduce crime. Peacemaking criminology envisions human transformation in the achievement of peace and justice, Feminist Peacemaking Traditions and Women's Experience, and Critical Peacemaking Traditions.
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