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The conversation: Does restorative justice work? Yes!
from the interview by Oliver Laughland in The Guardian: The Ministry of Justice is considering increasing the use of restorative justice – in which offenders are encouraged to meet their victims – as part of its forthcoming green paper on criminal justice reform. Oliver Laughland brings together 34-year-old Reggie Aitchison, a prolific offender and drug user from Widnes, Cheshire, and 72-year-old grandmother, Kathleen, whose house he burgled, to discuss their experience of going through the restorative justice process and their reflections on the crime.
Located in Restorative Justice Online Blog -- RJOB
RJ Article Goldstone, Sharon. Can Murder ever be Forgiven? A Restorative Justice Case Study.
For Christmas in 1985, Marlon* went to visit his daughter who was living with his ex-wife, her aunt and her four year old cousin, Tanya. Marlon went with the intention of giving both girls a Sindy doll as a Christmas present but the visit resulted in the murder of Tanya's mother in front of her eyes. Sharon Goldstone describes an exceptional restorative meeting in which Tanya and Marlon met for the first time in twenty-four years. (excerpt)
Located in articlesdb / articles
RJ Article Bassett, Penny and Lee,Tim. Restorative Justice and Protective Behaviours: A Perfect Match.
On the 21st May 2009 at Egrove Park,Oxford, 120 people attended the launch of the Oxfordshire Young Victims of Crime project; one of several Home Office initiatives intended to improve support for young people who have been hurt through crime.Pete Wallis, the Restorative Justice lead for Oxfordshire Youth Offending Service, gave an overview of the project, explaining that it was founded on two main philosophies - Restorative Justice and Protective Behaviours. In his address Pete commented that 'Protective Behaviours and Restorative Justice were a perfect match'. Many of the audience would have been familiar with the principles and concepts of RJ but it is likely that fewer of them had heard of Protective Behaviours (PBs). So what is PBs, how does it work and how does it complement RJ so well? (excerpt)
Located in articlesdb / articles
RJ Article Stephen Noguera and Carolyn Hoyle. Supporting Young Offenders Through Restorative Justice:Parents As (In)Appropriate Adults
Set within the wider context of responsibilising youth justice policies, this article heeds academic calls for further research into parent/child dynamics within restorative justice processes(Prichard,2002;Bradt et al.,2007),by critically analysing and evaluating the role of parents as supporters of young offenders.The aim is not to call into question the entitlement of parents to be present during restorative processes, but to critically examine their suitability to play the role of designated supporters. Drawing upon the literature as well as empirical work conducted by the first author(Hoyle et al., 2002), it will be argued that many of the moralising and responsibilising messages directed at the offender find currency with parents in a way which makes them feel ashamed,embarrassed and if they themselves are on trial.Parents react to this discomfort by engaging in apologising,neutralising,dominating and punitive discourses.Their reactions not only cast doubt upon their ability to be composed and supportive of their children,but more importantly might adversely affect the dynamics of the process itself.Parental reactions might thereby deny the young person the opportunity to take responsibility for their actions and to contribute to the discussion on appropriate reparation,which could ultimately thwart the chance for reintegration.
Located in articlesdb / articles
RJ Article Ian Edwards. The Place of Shame in Responses to Anti-Social Behaviour
Government responses to 'anti-social behaviour'have included,amongst others,two trends that employ shame in pursuit of crime prevention:"naming and shaming" of those subject to anti-social behaviour orders(ASBOs) on one hand and restorative justice on the other. This article considers how the Government has made use of each, the dynamics of each shaming process and the compatibility of these approaches. It argues that they are mutually exclusive ,and that restorative justice is prefered as a potentially more constructive shaming process.
Located in articlesdb / articles
RJ Article Durante, Lucia and Farrington-Douglas, Joe. Towards a Popular, Preventative Youth Justice System.
This report has four main thrusts. Youth justice, at present not succeeding in reducing reoffending,should be reshaped so that it: 1)operates at more levels in society, to match levels of offending and anti-social behaviour;2)relies more on prevention and less on coercion; 3)avoids young people being drawn into the formal criminal courts system wherever possible; 4)is more trusted by the public. Thus it should be tiered, preventative,diversionary and populist. The report also argues that the remit of the youth justice system should not stop at 17. The suggested new community justice alternatives should be available to older youths (e.g.18-21)and to young persons accused of subsequent non-severe offences.(excerpt)
Located in articlesdb / articles
RJ Article Halsey, Karen. Evaluation of the Children in Trouble Programme.
The Children in Trouble programme – a joint project supported by the Local Government Association (LGA) and the Howard League for Penal Reform – set out to encourage, develop and showcase different approaches to reducing the use of custodial sentences. This report documents the programme’s achievements and the challenges for its four pilot projects, following an evaluation by the National Foundation for Educational Research (NFER). The pilots took place in three local authorities. (excerpt) Restorative justice was among the pilot projects used.
Located in articlesdb / articles
RJ Article Shapland, Joanna and et al. Does restorative justice affect reconviction? The fourth report from the evaluation of three schemes.
This is the fourth report on the evaluation of three restorative justice schemes funded by the Home Office1 under its Crime Reduction Programme from mid-2001: CONNECT, the Justice Research Consortium (JRC) and REMEDI. Restorative justice was defined as ‘a process whereby parties with a stake in a specific offence collectively resolve how to deal with the aftermath of the offence and its implications for the future’ (Marshall, 1999). Unlike most restorative justice schemes in England and Wales, the three schemes were designed to focus on adult offenders, some of whom were convicted of very serious offences. Earlier reports have examined how the schemes were implemented (Shapland et al., 2004; 2006b), participants’ expectations and take-up rates (Shapland et al., 2006a; 2006b) and victims’ and offenders’ views on the process and outcomes (Shapland et al., 2007). This fourth report focuses on one of the key original aims of the Home Office funding, whether restorative justice ‘works’, in the sense of reducing the likelihood of re-offending and for whom it ‘works’ in this way. It also covers whether the schemes were value for money, measured as whether the cost of running the scheme was balanced or outweighed by the benefit of less re-offending. (excerpt)
Located in articlesdb / articles
RJ Article Marshall, Tony F. Restorative Justice: An Overview
This substantial report from the Home Office in the United Kingdom provides a comprehensive overview of restorative justice principles and practices: key ideas and perspectives; historical sketch; limitations; relevant organisations; practices; research on restorative justice; and major issues in the development of restorative justice.
Located in articlesdb / articles
RJ Article Harding, J. Reconciling Mediation with Criminal Justice
This chapter describes some of the significant influences which led to the revival of reparative justice in Britain and the development of mediation procedures involving victims and their offenders. The initiatives of the 1980s in Britain are described and their influence on the movement are discussed. Finally, the author speculates about the future of VOM in Britain.
Located in articlesdb / articles