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Full Text Documents on RJ Online

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Anil, Anand. 2008. Community Policing: A Critical Examination of the Rhetorical Extolment of Community Policing as a New Orthodoxy in Law Enfocement. Major paper for LLM at Osgoode Hall Law School.
This paper provides a critical examination of community policing, better characterized as collaborative-policing, by drawing on the experiences and principles of ADR processes such as participatory justice and restorative justice to determine the extent to which collaborative policing practices are being employed to provide fairer solutions for victims, accused, communities and the state. (excerpt)
Armster, Michelle. The Question of Reparations
Armster briefly discusses the World Conference on Racism and the declining support by governments such and the United States and the United Kingdom. She poses several questions for how restorative justice could address the issue of racism
Balahur, Doina. Multidimensional Restorative Justice for Everyone: Romanian developments.
In this intervention, I have taken into account the fact that comparative analysis, regarding the implementation of restorative justice programs and practices, must be accomplished within the framework of the current general trend that exist in the European States, but, wider, of the developments in other cultural areas. (excerpt)
Barendrecht, Hans. Restorative Justice: A Practical Theory.
Barendrecht looks at the 15 aspects of reality defined by Dooyeweerd and how viweing these different aspects helps us to understand crime and justice more fully.
Bartoli, Andrea. Catholic Peacemaking: The Experience of the Community of Sant'Egidio
The Community has been instrumental in the peaceful resolution of the conflict in Mozambique and was able to facilitate dialogue among relevant actors in conflicted countries such as Albania, Algeria, Burundi, Guatemala and Kosovo allowing parties to sign agreements.
Berti, Riccardo (2011). The Xingshi Hejie: Criminal conciliation in mainland China and in Taiwan. Paper presented at ACS (Asian Criminological Society) 3rd Annual Conference – Dec 2011 NTPU Taiwan.
When we say Xingshi Hejie (刑事和解)1, which could be translated as “victimoffender reconciliation” (VOR), we are talking about a conciliatory practice that was only recently implemented in China's criminal legal system2 although, despite its recent appearance, it has very ancient roots. It is founded, basically, on a choice that the person accused of minor criminal offenses makes to enable a conciliatory procedure, with the consent of the judge and the prosecutor, in order to obtain a less severe punishment at the end of the judicial process.3 It is a procedure that allows the victim to receive and promotes the offender’s repentance, in fact very often the rules of Xingshi Hejie emphasize the formal apology from the offender to the victim and society, or his acts expressing repentance and contrition.4 (excerpt)
Biermans, Nadia And d'Hoop, Marie Nathalie. Development of Belgian Prisons into a Restorative Perspective
Biermans and d’Hoop explore in this paper the development of a restorative approach in the Belgian prison system.
Bohland, Charlyn. 2008. Restorative Justice: A New Approach to Battling Driving Under the Influence of Alcohol. Honors Senior Research Project. University of Akron.
The reality of driving under the influence (DUI) is sobering. Over 17,000 people die each year as a result of preventable alcohol-related crashes. While 1.4 million people are arrested for DUI, there are nearly 159 million others who self-confess to DUI each year. Within three years of being arrested, three-fourths of offenders will be rearrested for DUI. The purpose of this project is to demonstrate the predictable failure of current criminal justice standards, and the hope and promise of a new wave of justice – restorative. Restorative justice focuses on healing the injustice of the crime through direct person-to-person interaction in several different ways –community reparative boards, family conferences, mediations, and victim impact panels. Research is based on a relatively current compilation of national and international studies regarding DUI cases, criminal justice standards, and restorative justice initiatives. Finally, and most importantly, this project presents an adaptable model for dealing with drunken driving offenders, both first-time and repeat offenders, using restorative measures as an effective means of curbing the number of deaths, decreasing recidivism rates, and drastically reducing the number of DUI cases, all while restoring the victim, offender, and community to its original state before DUI tragedies occur.
Bowen, Helen. 2008. Restorative and Healing Justice in Aotearoa - a way forward for schools.
This paper is an attempt to encourage schools to examine their culture of conflict; and to seek out inspired leaders from school communities to develop principled models of restorative intervention.
Braithwaite, John. Standards for Restorative Justice
Braithwaite discusses the benefits and the pitfalls of regulating restorative justice practices. One main concern is power imbalance and control by a governmental regulatory body.
Brookes, Derek. 2008. Restorative Justice and Work‐Related Death: A Literature Review. St. Kilda: Creative Ministries Network.
This literature review is the first stage of a project funded by the Legal Services Board to consider “Can restorative justice better heal bereaved families and workplace grief after a work‐related death, and contribute to improve workplace safety?”
Brookes, Derek. 2009. Restorative Justice and Work–Related Death: Consultation Transcripts. St. Kilda: Creative Ministries Network.
This document is the companion volume to Restorative Justice and Work-Related Death: Consultation Report (Creative Ministries Network, 2009). It contains the full transcripts of the interviews upon which the analysis in that Report was based. For an explanation of its contents and purpose, please see Section A. of the Report. (excerpt)
Brookes, Derek. 2009. Restorative Justice and Work–Related Death: Consultation Report. St. Kilda: Creative Ministries Network.
This Report is part of a wider project that aims to explore the feasibility of a restorative justice service in the context of work-related deaths in Victoria. This section provides an overview of the Report and the way in which it has developed. (excerpt)
Brookes, Derek. Evaluating Restorative Justice Programs
Brookes discusses the ways in which restorative justice programs are evaluated. He questions the current dependence on certain quantifiable indicators that may leave out certain aspects that create healing and "success" in a restorative programme.
Bulley, David and Thomas Osborn. 2014. Restorative justice for everyone: An innovative program and case study from Turner Falls High School in Massachusetts.
Turners Falls High School began a program this year where every student who is referred out of class meets with a teacher trained in restorative practices. After a conference the student is asked to fill out a “Ticket Out” which asks the traditional restorative questions: What happened; what were you thinking; what were you feeling; was any harm done; and how can you repair that harm? Failure to complete the ticket out in a satisfactory way is not punished or scorned, but students must stay in the ALC or the Alternative Learning Center until they make a plan to restore the harm they caused. The reasoning behind this approach is that if a person did damage to the community they need to repair that damage before re‐entering that community. The ALC teacher is a certified teacher so students do not lose learning time to discipline; rather, they learn discipline in addition to their coursework.
Cannon, Andrew. 2007. South Australia: Nunga Court II – Aboriginal Sentencing Conferences.
The Nunga Court was initiated by Chris Vass SM in South Australia and has been copied with variations to suit local Aboriginal communities around the country. Its success is due to two key factors. One is the involvement of respected community elders to advise the court and to counsel the defendant, including elements of shaming, by making him or her realise the impact of the crime on his or her community. The other is a change of style by the magistrate, who participates more and takes and gives advice. The process is by both these changes is more relevant to the Aboriginal community and less alienating to the defendant. However, the process is defendant focussed, has depended on a few Magistrates who have specialised in this work, and has been relatively time intensive for the Magistrates.
Carey, Mark. Vision Weaving: Proposed Mission & Strategies for a Restorative Justice Campaign
Mark Cary proposes a draft strategic plan for a national or international campaign to firmly establish restorative justice in a justice system still dominated by adversarial, due process, and system-goals thinking. To do that he imagines an international coalition of many groups and individuals, and suggests what that coalition's mission and key strategic goals might be.
Carpentieri, Leonardo. Restorative Justice in France: Obstacles for the Application of a Truly Restorative Approach to French Dispute Resolution.
Restorative Justice was (re)discovered in the United States in the late 1970s and has been implemented ever since. Founded partially on ancient conciliation proceedings, Restorative Justice today focuses on dialogue between victims, offenders and communities. Although its development has taken place mostly with respect to the criminal law context, it is conceivable to extend its scope to other legal areas, such as civil law matters. Almost unbeknownst in France until recently, Restorative Justice can be however detected within some of today’s French law ADR practices or criminal procedure rules. Recently, both French and EU legislation incorporated mediation-focused policies leading to a growing increase in Restorative Justice awareness, but great efforts still need to be done in this respect. (author's abstract)
Chankova, Dobrinka and Emilia Staninska. Bulgaria on the Road to Victim-Offender Mediation
Although in the last decade mediation in all fields (civil, labour, penal matters etc.) has had numerous proponents in academic circles and non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and has won recognition in wider society, it only recently began to attract the attention and support of policy makers and members of Parliament, and not without a push from outside. (excerpt) PowerPoint Presentation.
Chankova, Dobrinka. Recent Developments in Victim Related Policies in Bulgaria
Chankova outlines Bulgarian legislation dealing with the rights of victims. She outlines the short-comings of practice and potentials of the laws. She also points to the place of NGO's in experimenting with mediation and other alternative methods of dealing with crime.

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